Tutors are called in Spanish usually métodos. Since the bandoneon was nearly forgotten during many years, it is hard to find métodos for the bandoneon today. I hope this will change in the near future. If you find one, please be sure it is suitable for your instrument. The methods found in Germany are thought for the 144 voice Einheitsbandoneon while those from Argentina are based on the 142 voice version. In case you are not sure about the differences, please refer to the Keyboard section. I do not know about tutors for unisonoric instruments.
The first tutors were probably introduced by Heinrich Band and which were
hold in German. The first translated publication is known to be
Carl Ullrich's Neueste practische Schule für 64, 70, 88, 100
und 130 töniges Bandonion in deutscher und englischer Schrift published
by Verlag F. W. Wolff, Mainz in 1877. and which was translated by
Alfred Band into French in 1895. The other popular Self-Instructor
for Bandonion by Otto Luther appeared first in 1890, then
in 1892 in two languages (not Spanish) at Verlag Julius Heinrich
Zimmermann in Leipzig, the same as his Table of Fingering. Since
this tutor came together with many instruments of different manufacturers,
it is clear that it reached many countries in the world.
At the Rio de la Plata there were no printed tutors available at that time. Instead the accordion and other primitive harmonica instruments were available since about 1850 in these countries. The repertory was limited to folk music including waltzes, polkas and mazurkas, particularly influenced by the tutors coming with the instruments and which contained music of the country of origin. The composition Tango No 1 of 1883 by Jorge Machado, a coloured virtuoso on his instrument, is perhaps the first hint for the use of a harmonica instrument in tango music. A tutor for accordion in Spanish is known from 1886: Método teórico-práctico de acordeón by Emilio Yerba y Piqué, at Romero, Madrid and Hug, Basel.
On the other hand it is known that an auto didactic teaching by mail
``correspondencia'' was offered by the coloured
Sebastián Ramos Mejía at his
facultad de bandoneón in Montevideo in 1890 like Arturo Bernstein's
instituto or Jesús Pérez academia de bandoneón in
Buenos Aires. This mail service was used by many later famous bandoneonists.
It served the new generation of tango musicians to develop during the last decade of the 19th century a technical basis. Among these musicians were Sebastián Vázques, Domingo Repetto, Antonio Chiappe and the legendary Sebastián Ramos Mejia. Arturo Bernstein (El Alemán, * Petrópolis, Brazil 17-Nov-1882, + Buenos Aires 20-Sep-1935), son of German immigrants with a solid musical education, developed the educational basis for the bandoneon near the beginning of the century. A prominent pupil, Carlos Marcucci (Bs.As. 30-Oct-1903 - 31-May-1957) and Félix Lípesker were who prepared from his material, the first printed edition in Spanish.
There existed even more tutors created by Sebastián Ramos Mejía,
Antonio Ríos, Edgardo Pedroza.
Mon Bando 1 speelstukjes voor bandoneon
by Pieter van Dijck
is a very nice approach to the instrument.
The 17 exercises written by the Dutch author and fingered
for the 142 voice Argentine layout instrument, introduces the beginner
starting with a limited number of notes and which are increased
gradually. The bisonority of the instrument is applied appropriately.
The exercises are also recorded on a separate audio CD which may
be used as an additional aid.
More advanced pupils may learn just by playing pieces which are not too difficult. Some two voice pieces from the Notenbüchlein für Anna Magdalena Bach adapted and fingered for bandoneon by Beat Muggli, Niederlenz, Switzerland, are an excellent exercise.
Here some recommendations of Felix Lipesker given in his HANON, adaptado y digitado para bandoneón, Edition JULIO KORN (I'm not sure if it is still available, my personal issue is of 1958):
Contributions on learning the bandoneon were provided by many volunteers. Thank you for this valuable work!
The bandoneonist Amijai Shalev from Pitango has written an article on the Bandoneon Technique specially for those who need to learn by their own.
Learning the keyboard and the basic chords takes it's time. It is not a surprise that students try to find ways to shorten the proces. In this place contributions from people giving their experience are presented: keyboard layout, chord tables, learning tools, and also a game!
Besides the traditional 142 voice layout there are other systems. See also the Keyboard Systems.
Several tutors come along with chord tables showing up a keyboard layout and where the buttons to play are enhanced. Most of them list a pair of chords; the tonica and it's dominant, both to play in different sense of bellow. Since the key pattern is not the same for all tones, learning the chords takes a longer period of time and each student finds its own way to learn them.
from Brazil who prepared a table containing
chords for the bisonor bandoneon
based on the button coding of the instrument.
(original Word Document)
has prepared a chord collection for the 142 voice bandoneon. He makes it available from his original site to all bandoneon students.
It consists of The Bandoneon Chords Tutor (16MB) and a blank keyboard layout to print out and make your own annotations.
from Costa Rica has kindly provided his set of chords for the 142 voice bandoneon named Bandoneón, Graficos de los Teclados y Acordes
Michael Zisman has elaborated an other version of the 142 voice bandoneon keyboard layout. Versions showing the vertical view (1.7 MB) and the horizontal view (1.6 MB) are available.
prepared a PC program which helps you to learn the keyboard of a
bisonoric 142 voice instrument. It consists of three units based on
Toolbook and allows even to hear the sound if you have a midi
device. After downloading the heavy document, a setup program installs
the utility. Please direct your questions directly to the author.
download Win version (5.3 MB)
The web based version (2001) of the Keyboard Tutor requires the Beatnik Player to hear the sound.
, student at the music school in Gennevilliers, France, created the game Le Bandonote (1.2 MB). The aim of this game is to help memorizing the 142 voice bandoneon keyboard. The presented version is in French.
(german, spanish, english)